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Headnote

AI Tools for Lawyers: A Practical Guide

By Daniel Schwarcz & Jonathan H. Choi | October 27, 2023

By Daniel Schwarcz & Jonathan H. Choi. Full Text. This Article provides practical and specific guidance on how to effectively use AI large language models (LLMs), like GPT-4, Bing Chat, and Bard, in legal research and writing. Focusing on GPT-4—the most advanced LLM that is widely available at the time of this writing—it emphasizes that…

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Headnote

Property as a Legitimating Right

By Duncan Hosie | November 21, 2023

By Duncan Hosie. Full Text. Recent decisions from the Roberts Court have strengthened property rights, and progressive commentators and jurists have reacted with alarm. In light of these constitutional developments, this Essay revisits the landmark 2003 case of Goodridge v. Department of Public Health, which made Massachusetts the first state to recognize a right to…

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Headnote

Still on the Hook: Forward-Looking Releases Reel-in Potential Risks in Mergers and Acquisitions

By Mark T. Wilhelm & Madison Fitzgerald | December 20, 2023

By Mark T. Wilhelm & Madison Fitzgerald. Full Text. A recent study that analyzed more than 2,100 private-target acquisitions found that 65% of those transactions were structured with a separate signing and closing. While the number of days between signing and closing inevitably varies on a deal-by-deal basis, a prolonged executory period only intensifies concerns…

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Headnote

The Right to Counsel for Habeas Proceedings

By Amy Cohen | December 21, 2023

By Amy Cohen. Full Text. Federal habeas is often the last avenue of relief for both federal and state prisoners. The Framers thought the right to the writ of habeas corpus was so established in law that its only reference in the Constitution is under what conditions the right may be suspended. Yet, most habeas…

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Article

Can the Excessive Fines Clause Mitigate the LFO Crisis? An Assessment of the Caselaw

By Michael O'Hear | February 21, 2024

By Michael O’Hear. Full Text. The nation’s increasing use of fees, fines, forfeiture, and restitution has resulted in chronic debt burdens for millions of poor and working-class Americans. These legal financial obligations (LFOs) likely entrench racial and socioeconomic divides and contribute to the breakdown of trust in the police and courts in disadvantaged communities. One…

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Article

Subjective Costs of Tax Compliance

By Jonathan H. Choi and Ariel Jurow Kleiman | February 21, 2024

By Jonathan H. Choi and Ariel Jurow Kleiman. Full Text. This Article introduces and estimates the “subjective costs” of tax compliance, which are costs of tax compliance that people experience directly and individually. To measure these costs, we conducted a survey experiment assessing how much taxpayers would pay to reduce the unpleasantness associated with filing…

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Article

Making Whole, Making Better, and Accommodating Resilience

By Erik Encarnacion | February 21, 2024

By Erik Encarnacion. Full Text. The conventional story about compensatory damages is that they aim to make plaintiffs whole, but not better off. This make-whole ideal implies that courts should subtract material gains from compensatory awards because otherwise plaintiffs would be unjustly enriched. This Article undermines this conventional wisdom in three ways. First, it highlights…

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Article

The Roberts Court and the Unraveling of Labor Law

By Courtlyn G. Roser-Jones | February 21, 2024

By Courtlyn G. Roser-Jones. Full Text. Labor law comprises several doctrines and procedures that oversee the relationships between employers, unions, and the workers they represent. These doctrines—the duty of fair representation, exclusivity, good-faith bargaining, captive-audience speech, and rights of equal access—are all component threads to a tapestry designed to facilitate widespread organizing and collective bargaining.…

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Article

Multi-Parent Custody

By Jessica Feinberg | February 21, 2024

By Jessica Feinberg. Full Text. In recent years, a number of jurisdictions have enacted laws recognizing that a child may have more than two legal parents (multi-parentage). Recognition of multi-parentage represents a significant change to the legal framework governing parentage— for most of U.S. history, it was well established that a child could have a…

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Note

Throuples and Family Law

By Philip de Sa e Silva | February 21, 2024

By Philip de Sa e Silva. Full Text. As throuples and other forms of polyamorous relationships gain visibility and acceptance, courts will have to confront the legal issues that will likely arise when a throuple forms and when it dissolves. How should courts determine child custody for three equally situated parents? How should courts divide…

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Articles, Essays, & Tributes

Can the Excessive Fines Clause Mitigate the LFO Crisis? An Assessment of the Caselaw

February 21, 2024

By Michael O’Hear. Full Text. The nation’s increasing use of fees, fines, forfeiture, and restitution has resulted in chronic debt burdens for millions of poor and working-class Americans. These legal financial obligations (LFOs) likely entrench racial and socioeconomic divides and contribute to the breakdown of trust in the police and courts in disadvantaged communities. One…

Subjective Costs of Tax Compliance

February 21, 2024

By Jonathan H. Choi and Ariel Jurow Kleiman. Full Text. This Article introduces and estimates the “subjective costs” of tax compliance, which are costs of tax compliance that people experience directly and individually. To measure these costs, we conducted a survey experiment assessing how much taxpayers would pay to reduce the unpleasantness associated with filing…

Making Whole, Making Better, and Accommodating Resilience

February 21, 2024

By Erik Encarnacion. Full Text. The conventional story about compensatory damages is that they aim to make plaintiffs whole, but not better off. This make-whole ideal implies that courts should subtract material gains from compensatory awards because otherwise plaintiffs would be unjustly enriched. This Article undermines this conventional wisdom in three ways. First, it highlights…

The Roberts Court and the Unraveling of Labor Law

February 21, 2024

By Courtlyn G. Roser-Jones. Full Text. Labor law comprises several doctrines and procedures that oversee the relationships between employers, unions, and the workers they represent. These doctrines—the duty of fair representation, exclusivity, good-faith bargaining, captive-audience speech, and rights of equal access—are all component threads to a tapestry designed to facilitate widespread organizing and collective bargaining.…

Multi-Parent Custody

February 21, 2024

By Jessica Feinberg. Full Text. In recent years, a number of jurisdictions have enacted laws recognizing that a child may have more than two legal parents (multi-parentage). Recognition of multi-parentage represents a significant change to the legal framework governing parentage— for most of U.S. history, it was well established that a child could have a…

Notes

Throuples and Family Law

February 21, 2024

By Philip de Sa e Silva. Full Text. As throuples and other forms of polyamorous relationships gain visibility and acceptance, courts will have to confront the legal issues that will likely arise when a throuple forms and when it dissolves. How should courts determine child custody for three equally situated parents? How should courts divide…

In Defense of Pickering: When a Public Employee’s Social Media Speech, Particularly Political Speech, Conflicts with Their Employer’s Public Service

February 21, 2024

By Abby Ward. Full Text. With the rise of social media and the United States’ increasing political polarization, public employees take to social media to post about political issues such as race and policing. But when public employees make posts on political issues in an inflammatory or controversial way, public employers often discipline or fire…

Headnotes

AI Tools for Lawyers: A Practical Guide

October 27, 2023

By Daniel Schwarcz & Jonathan H. Choi. Full Text. This Article provides practical and specific guidance on how to effectively use AI large language models (LLMs), like GPT-4, Bing Chat, and Bard, in legal research and writing. Focusing on GPT-4—the most advanced LLM that is…

Property as a Legitimating Right

November 21, 2023

By Duncan Hosie. Full Text. Recent decisions from the Roberts Court have strengthened property rights, and progressive commentators and jurists have reacted with alarm. In light of these constitutional developments, this Essay revisits the landmark 2003 case of Goodridge v. Department of Public Health, which…

Still on the Hook: Forward-Looking Releases Reel-in Potential Risks in Mergers and Acquisitions

December 20, 2023

By Mark T. Wilhelm & Madison Fitzgerald. Full Text. A recent study that analyzed more than 2,100 private-target acquisitions found that 65% of those transactions were structured with a separate signing and closing. While the number of days between signing and closing inevitably varies on…

The Right to Counsel for Habeas Proceedings

December 21, 2023

By Amy Cohen. Full Text. Federal habeas is often the last avenue of relief for both federal and state prisoners. The Framers thought the right to the writ of habeas corpus was so established in law that its only reference in the Constitution is under…

De Novo Blog

THE CONFEDERATE STAKES OF AMERICAN LAW: THE PARTISAN RISK TO THE FULL FAITH AND CREDIT CLAUSE AND A CONSTITUTIONAL CRISIS IN THE MAKING

April 7, 2023

By: Jordan Boudreaux, Volume 107 Staff Member Article IV, Section 1 of the Constitution requires that “Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other state.”[1] Conceptually, the Full Faith and Credit Clause…

FREE SPEECH ON CAMPUS SIDEWALKS: SUPREME COURT MAY TAKE AIM AT FIRST AMENDMENT FORUM BALANCING TEST IN KEISTER

April 6, 2023

By: John M. Stack, Volume 107 Staff Member Keister v. Bell is the latest major case petitioned to the Supreme Court to confront classifying the status of a public forum for First Amendment purposes.[1] While the Court is unlikely to grant certiorari, if they do…

I (DON’T) KNOW IT WHEN I SEE IT: THE DANGERS OF DEEPFAKES

April 5, 2023

By: Ryken Kreps, Vol. 107 Staff Member[1] Deepfakes are images, videos, or audio clips created by artificial intelligence that show people doing whatever the deepfake creator wants to show them doing with eerie accuracy.[2] Part I of this Post discusses the background of deepfakes and…

HABITABILITY DEFENSE ON THE FRITZ: RENT POSTING REQUIREMENTS AND CHALLENGES IN MINNESOTA

April 3, 2023

Lucy Dougherty, Volume 107 Staff Member When tenants face an eviction for non-payment of rent in Hennepin County, they may have an affirmative defense to the eviction action if the landlord has broken the covenant of habitability.[1] The covenant of habitability is a statutory right…

CLARITY AT A COST: HOW NEW REGULATIONS MAY PUT WELL-INTENTIONED GUN OWNERS AT RISK OF CIVIL AND CRIMINAL CHARGES

March 31, 2023

By: Nick Grossardt, Volume 107 Staff Member At the end of January 2023, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (BATFE) promulgated a final rule outlining a series of factoring criteria for regulating firearms with affixed “stabilizing braces.”[1] Various models of these braces had…

KEEP ROLLING: AFTER PROVIDING AUTOMATIC EXPUNGEMENT FOR CERTAIN MARIJUANA OFFENSES MINNESOTA SHOULD ENACT AUTOMATIC EXPUNGEMENT FOR OTHER CRIMINAL RECORDS

March 21, 2023

By: Abby Ward, Volume 107 Staff Member The racially discriminatory impact from the War on Drugs is clear,[1] and while marijuana legalization is one step in addressing the inequities of America’s criminal justice system, the work does not end there. States should also enact broader…

CALIBRATING THE SCOPE OF DISCLOSURE: PREVIEWING THE SUPREME COURT’S OPPORTUNITY TO CLARIFY PATENT LAW’S ENABLEMENT STANDARD

March 20, 2023

By: Maxwell H. Terry, Volume 107 Staff Member While the technical subject matter of a patent can grow inordinately complex, the predominant theory underlying patent law is relatively straightforward. In exchange for the right to exclude others from making, using, or selling the invention claimed…

THE MOST IMPORTANT DECISION NO ONE IS TALKING ABOUT: WHAT CUMMINGS MEANS FOR THE FUTURE OF CIVIL RIGHTS

February 27, 2023

By: Amy Cohen, Volume 107 Staff Member In what seems like a never-ending string of catastrophic rulings implicating our nation’s future and individual rights,[1] about ten months ago the Supreme Court laid down a major decision altering the availability of remedies for civil rights claimants…

A CONVERSATION WITH THE CHIEF: A MODERN REFLECTION ON THE HAPPINESS, HEALTH, AND ETHICS OF THE LEGAL PROFESSION WITH CHIEF JUDGE PATRICK J. SCHILTZ

February 24, 2023

By: Katheryn Furlong, Volume 107 Staff Member Dear Law Student: I have good news and bad news. The bad news is that the profession that you are about to enter is one of the most unhappy and unhealthy on the face of the earth–and, in…

LIFE-OR-DEATH LEGALESE: THE EXECUTION OF MATTHEW REEVES AND THE DIRE CONSEQUENCES OF POORLY TARGETED LEGAL DRAFTING

February 23, 2023

By: Earl Lin, Volume 107 Staff Member It is a well-known phenomenon that lawyers often communicate in their own “peculiar language . . . characterized by antique jargon, pomposity, affected displays of precision, ponderous abstractions, and hocus-pocus incantations.”[1] Indeed, lawyers are so notorious for their…